Europe is enduring another miserable bout of summer weather this week. The heat is bringing the predictable jeremiads about climate change and carbon-dioxide emissions, so it’s worth a quick recap of what European governments have and haven’t done to protect their citizens.
The heat wave is real enough. Temperatures in Portugal are reaching 115 Fahrenheit in some places (above 46 Celsius) and wildfires are blazing in some areas. In France the thermometer has topped 100 Fahrenheit, Spain and Italy are sweltering, and parts of the United Kingdom are bracing for temperatures of 104 Fahrenheit (40 Celsius) in coming days.